An extract from the
report No. 37/43.
Date: 27/28 April 1942.
inflict maximal damage to the enemy's installations
at Cologne and Dunkirk.
a. primary targets:
b. secondary targets:
c. date: night of
27/28 April 1942.
d. no. of aircraft:
Cologne - 4 Wellingtons, Dunkirk - 1
e. route: for
Cologne: base - Southwold - Knooke -
Avesnen - TARGET -back.
for Dunkirk: base - Southwold - TARGET
a. take-off: first
a/c for Cologne - 9.55 p.m. for Dunkirk
- 10.11 p.m. last a/c for Cologne - 9.59
b. landings: first
a/c from Cologne - 1.28 a.m. last - 4.33
a.m. from Dunkirk a/c landed at 2.16
c. bomb load: Cologne
- 4x1000 lbs GP, 20x500 lbs GP, 4 photo bombs.
Dunkirk - 18x250 lbs GP, 1 photo bomb.
d. altitude of bomb
drop: Cologne: 17,000/18.000 feet,
Dunkirk - 17.000 feet.
near Cologne - clear, very good
visibility, near Dunkirk - clear,
Enemy's AA defenses:
Moderate light flak and strong heavy
flak cooperating with search lights.
Search lights concentrated
west of River Rein
worked in cones with 20 - 30 lights
each. Around 40 - 50 guns fired within
each cone. Very effective
IFF; when used,
search light either came off or worked
chaotically. Five or six barrage balloons
observed at the altitude
of 6,000 - 10,000
feet. Crew of GR-A had an encounter with
Ju-88, which is claimed as damaged.
At Dunkirk, heavy
activity of flak cooperating with search
lights and night fighters.
- Because of the encounter with enemy's
Ju88 fighter, crew of GR-A jettisoned
bombs at 51°00'N /
remaining three a/c found and bombed the
target. Explosions in the center of the
city and near the cathedral
observed. The crew
for Dunkirk found the target and located
its bombs in docks no. 6 - 8. Explosions
Losses: The crew
of GR-A, no. 1280: P/O Szrajer pilot,
F/Sgt Niezrecki co-pilot, F/Sgt Kalkus
navigator, Sgt Leniedzinski
radio, Sgt Stasiak
front gunner and Sgt Nalepa rear gunner,
when flying at was attacked by a lone
Ju88. During this
encounter, due to
enemy's fire, our a/c was damaged
(heavy) to right elevator and its
hydraulics were shot up. At the
second fighter's pass
pilot unloaded bombs and begun maneuvering
, always trying to meet the enemy head
on. During that
time the rear gunner
fired several times at the attacker.
When coming from behind for another
pass, enemy's a/c suddenly
disengaged diving straight
down. Rear gunner used 800 rounds. Ju88
is considered damaged. Our a/c returned
to base and
had to land without
flaps, what caused it to overshoot the
runway. Trying to avoid heating the bomb
depot, pilot turned
braking left landing gear and damaging
left wing. This a/c is classified as
"B" category. The crew
even a scratch. All
a/c landed at base. Right after leaving
the target area, GR-M successfully
avoided one Ju88 and two
crews operational - 11, in training - 3,
incomplete - 2.
Number of aircraft:
Cat. "A" - 1, Cat.
"A/C" - 0, Cat. "B"
- 1, Cat. "E" - 0.
distinguished itself during operations:
Specially noticeable are action of F/O
Szrajer, who distinguished
himself in a course
of last three weeks force landing twice
his damaged aircraft. Thanks to his
great pilot skills and
every time his crew survived. He gives
an excellent example to whole squadron
as a pilot and Pole.
Signed: 301 Squadron
Wellington GR-A, no.1280 after the
mission on 27/28 Apr 1942